"Helping you to help your ADD ADHD child"by Anthony Kane, MD
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The Stimulant Medication Controversyby Edward Hallowell, M.D.
Dr. Hallowell believes that the recommendation is not sound, and provides this response:
"It is strange that they would issue (a recommendation for) a black box warning now, without any new data. I think it reflects the extreme uneasiness so many people feel around stimulants. However, aspirin causes far more damage every year --deaths due to stroke and GI bleed, not to mention that dozens of people commit suicide with aspirin every year. None of that happens with stimulants, and yet people continue to feel extremely edgy about stimulants -- even though they have been in use since 1937.
In my own experience of prescribing stimulants for about 25 years now, I have found them to be very safe, and also very effective, as long as they are used properly. "Used properly" means that side effects are watched for, and if they do occur the dose of the medication is reduced or the medication is discontinued altogether.
The most common side effect is appetite suppression. This is okay, but if weight loss occurs the meds must be adjusted or stopped. Other side effects can include: insomnia, elevated blood pressure, elevated heart rate, abnormal heart beats and rhythms, tics and twitches, personality changes, loss of creativity and spontaneity, paranoia, headaches, nausea, and sedation. ALL of these are reversible by lowering the dose of the medication or stopping it completely.
The key is educating the patient and carefully monitoring the medication. Do a risk benefit analysis before starting the medication. What are the "side effects" of NOT taking it?
Often people ask me if I "believe in" Ritalin. My reply is that it is not a religious principle. It is a medication and should be dealt with on a factual, scientific basis.
I have never had a patient suffer a lethal side effect (thank God) nor anything close to it. I have had to discontinue the medication, perhaps once out of every 10 times I prescribe it, due to side effects. So, these meds are far from perfect. But, they are the best medication option we have and are very safe when used correctly.
That they are not perfect is why I stress the use of non-medication treatments so forcefully. Just identifying strengths in a patient has a potent therapeutic effect. A somewhat new non-medication treatment that I think is really promising is cerebellar stimulation through physical exercise. New data is coming out showing that this modality could be a great breakthrough."
One has to remember that stimulants are medications and as such have an element of risk with their use. They are not to be used casually. There must be a medical indication that outweighs the risk. However, when there is a real indication, parents should not hesitate to use stimulants.
This is not to say that medication is the only or even best approach for any particular child. As I have outligned in How to Help the Child You Love, there are over thirty-five different effective treatments for ADHD. Often a non-medical treatment is better for certain children.
Another important thing to remember is that using stimulant medication is not a life long sentence. These medications can be used on a short term basis while you are trying to design a more effective treatment program. I also describe this in How to Help the Child You Love.
Anthony Kane, MD
ADD ADHD Advances
“If the drugs that you ADHD child takes concern you, I can help!”